The professional holiday of workers in the glass industry in Russia has been celebrated since 2000 on November 19 - the birthday of the outstanding Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765) - the creator of the chemical production of glaze, glass, and porcelain. He developed the technology and recipe for colored glass - smalt (pieces of a homogeneous opaque mixture of glass and metal oxides), which he used to create mosaic paintings. Developed the composition of the porcelain mass.
Glass, which is currently indispensable in almost any area of human life and activity, was obtained over five thousand years ago. The oldest samples of glassware that have come down to us were discovered during excavations in Egyptian cities.
In Russia, the production of artistic glassware (mosaics, dishes, bracelets) existed from the beginning of the 11th century. Glass manufacturing technology was adopted from the Byzantines, and already in the time of Yaroslav the Wise, Kiev craftsmen began to produce lead-silica glass. And the foundations of the classical scientific approach to glass production in Russia were laid in the middle of the 18th century by Lomonosov.