On April 18, the African country of Zimbabwe, located between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers in the southern part of the continent, celebrates Independence Day in Zimbabwe. This day is also called Republic Day in the country in honor of the victory over the government of the "white" minority and the recognition of the Republic of Zimbabwe.
In the 12th-17th centuries, the state of Monomotapa existed on the territory of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The heyday of Monomotapa dates back to the 14th-15th centuries, when its political influence extended far beyond the borders of Mesopotamia.
In 1693, as a result of internecine wars, Monomotapa was destroyed by the Rozvi tribes. In 1834, the Matabele, under the leadership of their leader Mzilikazi, invaded what is now Zimbabwe and subjugated the Rozvi state.