After the Second World War, an active independence movement unfolded in Tunisia - in honor of him, the country established the Independence Movement Day in Tunisia, celebrated annually on September 3.
Despite the repression that the French colonial authorities brought down on the national independence movement in 1951, military resistance to the colonialists was expanding in the country. Detachments of the fellahs burned the estates of French planters, blew up bridges, and killed French officers. In 1952 and 1953, crops were harvested in large latifundia under the protection of tanks.
France sent 70,000 regular troops into the country, and yet the liberation movement expanded everywhere: the organized Tunisian proletariat entered the struggle. In June 1955, France was forced to make concessions, she agreed to grant independence to Tunisia, but without the right to determine the country's foreign policy.
On March 20, 1956, a new agreement was signed giving Tunisia full independence. Since then, this day has been celebrated in the country as a national holiday - Independence Day.
In April 1956, Habib Burgiba was elected Prime Minister, and in July 1957, President of the country. He was the recognized leader of the party, which, compared with other bourgeois parties, was more firmly connected with the broad masses of the people and had undeniable merits in the national liberation movement.